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Termination of Ribosomal RNA Transcription by RNA Polymerase I in Schizosaccharomyces pombe

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dc.contributor.advisor Nazar, Ross
dc.contributor.author Albeely, Abdalla
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-06T19:57:44Z
dc.date.available 2017-04-26T05:00:10Z
dc.date.copyright 2016-04
dc.date.created 2016-04-26
dc.date.issued 2016-05-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/9624
dc.description.abstract Termination of ribosomal RNA transcripts in Schizosaccharomyces pombe is a crucial process that occurs downstream of the mature 25S rDNA sequence. Two different models have been proposed for this termination process, the “Pause and release” and the “Torpedo” models. Previous SI nuclease mapping studies have indicated that termination occurs at three different sites (T1, T2 and T3) +267, + 338 and + 448 respectively downstream of the 25S rRNA. It is believed that 90% of the termination occurs at the first termination site (T1). In this thesis, the relative contribution and the termination efficiency of the two proposed mechanisms were examined further using S. pombe cells transformed with different mutations. An alternate technique, RT-PCR, was used to remap the 3’ ETS region leading to better understanding of the two mechanisms and enzymes that underlie them. The study also investigated the effect of exonuclease activity on processed fragments generated by PacI cleavage. The results showed that both the “Torpedo” and the “Pause and release” mechanisms can terminate Pol I transcription efficiently. The study also showed that exonuclease degrades processed 3’ ETS fragments after their release by PacI cleavage. Inhibition of PacI cleavage by either RNA sequence deletion or protein mutation resulted in transcripts terminating fully at the first termination site with no transcripts detected beyond T1. On the other hand, deletion of the cognate termination elements resulted in read-through transcription after the rDNA region. The research is consistent with the presence of two redundant termination mechanisms, which provide fail-safe termination to ensure that the downstream sequence is not disrupted by read-through transcription. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.5/ca/ *
dc.subject Termination of Ribosomal RNA Transcription en_US
dc.subject Ribosome en_US
dc.subject S. pombe. temperature sensitive en_US
dc.subject Exonuclease en_US
dc.subject PacI en_US
dc.subject Endonuclease en_US
dc.subject Transcription termination en_US
dc.subject Pause and release en_US
dc.subject Torpedo en_US
dc.subject RT-PCR en_US
dc.subject plyacrylamide gel en_US
dc.subject Agarose gel en_US
dc.subject Termination elements in Yeast en_US
dc.subject RNA polymerase I en_US
dc.title Termination of Ribosomal RNA Transcription by RNA Polymerase I in Schizosaccharomyces pombe en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.degree.programme Molecular and Cellular Biology en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science en_US
dc.degree.department Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology en_US
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Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada