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Asymptotic Analysis of Subcritical Hopf-homoclinic Bifurcation

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Title: Asymptotic Analysis of Subcritical Hopf-homoclinic Bifurcation
Author: Guckenheimer, John; Willms, Allan R.
Abstract: This paper discusses the mathematical analysis of a codimension two bifurcation determined by the coincidence of a subcritical Hopf bifurcation with a homoclinic orbit of the Hopf equilibrium. Our work is motivated by our previous analysis of a Hodgkin–Huxley neuron model which possesses a subcritical Hopf bifurcation (J. Guckenheimer, R. Harris-Warrick, J. Peck, A. Willms, J. Comput. Neurosci. 4 (1997) 257–277). In this model, the Hopf bifurcation has the additional feature that trajectories beginning near the unstable manifold of the equilibrium point return to pass through a small neighborhood of the equilibrium, that is, the Hopf bifurcation appears to be close to a homoclinic bifurcation as well. This model of the lateral pyloric (LP) cell of the lobster stomatogastric ganglion was analyzed for its ability to explain the phenomenon of spike-frequency adaptation, in which the time intervals between successive spikes grow longer until the cell eventually becomes quiescent. The presence of a subcritical Hopf bifurcation in this model was the one identified mechanism for oscillatory trajectories to increase their period and finally collapse to a non-oscillatory solution. The analysis presented here explains the apparent proximity of homoclinic and Hopf bifurcations. We also develop an asymptotic theory for the scaling properties of the interspike intervals in a singularly perturbed system undergoing subcritical Hopf bifurcation that may be close to a codimension two subcritical Hopf–homoclinic bifurcation.
Date: 2000
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada
Citation: Physica D 139, pp. 195-216

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