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Cartography and contested ocean space: an analysis of intertidal shellfish harvest spaces in the territory of the Heiltsuk First Nation.

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Title: Cartography and contested ocean space: an analysis of intertidal shellfish harvest spaces in the territory of the Heiltsuk First Nation.
Author: Stephany, Paul
Department: Department of Geography
Program: Geography
Advisor: Silver, Jennifer
Abstract: While GIS has been frequently used in analysis of Indigenous-State conflicts regarding terrestrial spaces, it has not been used to the same extent in contested ocean space. Using digital mapping, this research identifies and enumerates instances of spatial overlap between Heiltsuk-modified intertidal sites for shellfish cultivation and harvest (i.e., ‘clam gardens’) and ocean spaces identified in Federal and Provincial documents as open for private shellfish aquaculture tenures. The overlaps identified in this project quantitatively illustrate overlapping territorialities and suggest the potential for future marine resource conflicts. The paper demonstrates that cartography attentive to modified and cultivated ocean spaces may be an important tool for coastal First Nations as they continue to identify priority areas for planning and negotiation, as well as engage larger questions about rights and title in marine spaces.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/9392
Date: 2015


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