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Fostering the Provisioning of Ecosystem Services by Private Landowners

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dc.contributor.advisor Bradshaw, Benjamin Holmes, Elizabeth 2015-09-22T20:30:57Z 2015-09-22T20:30:57Z 2015-09 2015-09-14 2015-09-22
dc.description.abstract The past decade has witnessed a burgeoning interest within scholarly and applied circles in the re-casting of environmental amenities as commodities for trade, marketable in much the same way as a loaf of bread or a quart of strawberries. With the ostensibly growing foothold of the ‘ecosystem services’ (ES) paradigm, the public good nature of environmental stewardship has been thrust into the limelight. The newly-emergent perspective holds thus: given that individual landowners are expected to bear the responsibility of meeting heightened standards of environmental protection through additional expenditures or foregone development opportunities, and yet society at large reaps the benefits, they should be remunerated by society. This thesis explores the governance arrangements that would serve to foster the provisioning of ES by private landowners. A heuristic framework is first developed, offering a means of systematically contemplating critical issues influencing the viability and performance of ES governance alternatives. Set in eastern Ontario, the empirical portion of the research assesses the interests of landowners, and program and policy professionals, for different ES governance mechanisms. In brief, interests were varied, with an openness to a range of arrangements. Notably, preferences tended toward arrangements exhibiting cooperative and collaborative leanings, and away from those with competitive underpinnings. These understandings inform the elaboration of a set of high-order design features envisioned as preconditions in a governance ‘architecture’ supportive of the provisioning of ES. The findings suggest that a more open embrace of hybridity in institutional arrangements may offer a way forward as ES governance alternatives continue to be conceived. They also point to the need for a re-imagining and re-constituting of relationships such that they truly embrace the principles of mutual regard, reciprocity, and trust; such ‘relations of regard’ may serve to realize a renewed social contract between those working the land, and those looking on from beyond the farm (or woodlot) gate. Consistent with this suggestion, the findings underscore the need for a greater sensibility to the diverse motivations that inspire the provisioning of ES. In contemplating prospects for reflexive governance approaches to enhance the provisioning of ES, the findings suggest reason for cautious optimism. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject environmental governance en_US
dc.subject ecosystem services en_US
dc.subject environmental stewardship en_US
dc.subject private landowners en_US
dc.subject environmental policy en_US
dc.subject collaborative environmental management en_US
dc.subject environmental conservation en_US
dc.subject conservation en_US
dc.subject conservation adoption en_US
dc.subject agri-environmental stewardship en_US
dc.subject stewardship motivations en_US
dc.subject incentives en_US
dc.subject recognition mechanisms en_US
dc.subject reflexive governance en_US
dc.subject rural governance en_US
dc.subject farmers en_US
dc.subject woodlot owners en_US
dc.subject forestry en_US
dc.subject farming en_US
dc.subject market-based conservation en_US
dc.subject partnerships en_US
dc.subject institutional design en_US
dc.subject program evaluation en_US
dc.subject agricultural extension en_US
dc.subject ecosystem services mechanisms en_US
dc.subject ecological goods and services en_US
dc.subject environmental services en_US
dc.subject stewardship en_US
dc.subject landowners en_US
dc.subject natural resource management en_US
dc.subject private land management en_US
dc.subject land stewards en_US
dc.title Fostering the Provisioning of Ecosystem Services by Private Landowners en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Geography en_US Doctor of Philosophy en_US Department of Geography en_US
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