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Relationships between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Symptomatology and Coping Mechanism Use in Adolescents

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Title: Relationships between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Symptomatology and Coping Mechanism Use in Adolescents
Author: Colgan, Kendra
Department: Department of Family Relations and Applied Nutrition
Program: Family Relations and Applied Nutrition
Advisor: Maitland, Scott B.
Abstract: This thesis examines relationships among ADHD symptomatology, gender, and coping. The study investigates whether adolescents at-risk for an ADHD diagnosis, as determined by the Conners-Wells’ Adolescent Self Report Scale (Conners & Wells, 1997), report the use of coping mechanisms, as determined by the Adolescent-Coping Orientation for Problem Experiences Scale (A-COPE; Copeland & Hess, 1995), differently than their peers not at-risk for an ADHD diagnosis. Significant differences were noted for gender and ADHD-risk status in the use of seven coping mechanisms. The thirteen A-COPE subscales were factor-analyzed resulting in a three-factor, theoretically informed model (i.e., problem-focused, emotion-focused, and cognitive-focused coping). Latent mean analyses determined that adolescents at-risk for an ADHD diagnosis reported using emotion-focused coping more frequently and cognitive-focused coping less frequently than adolescents not at-risk for an ADHD diagnosis. The findings have implications for evidence-based practices that can be used to increase coping effectiveness for adolescents displaying ADHD symptomatology.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/9213
Date: 2015-08
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