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A Review of the Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) Species of Northeastern North America

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Title: A Review of the Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) Species of Northeastern North America
Author: Miller, Meredith E.
Department: School of Environmental Sciences
Program: Environmental Sciences
Advisor: Marshall, Steve A.
Abstract: The iconic genus Drosophila Fallén has been studied extensively due to its centrality to research programs in genetics and evolutionary biology. The genus has recently attracted further attention because of the economic importance of the invasive species Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Spotted Wing Drosophila). Despite this, surprising gaps remain in our basic knowledge of the faunistics and distribution of the Nearctic Drosophila species, and there is no current and user-friendly key. Here I present a review of the northeastern North American species of Drosophila, based on the examination of over 10 000 specimens from major insect collections in North America. Results suggest that the fauna is larger than initially expected. The region is home to 37 Drosophila species, including two previously unrecorded species and two new (previously undescribed) species. An identification key to the genera of Drosophilidae and species of Drosophila found in northeastern North America are presented.
Date: 2015-08
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