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The Effects of Emergency and Non-Emergency Food Aid Flows on Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Title: The Effects of Emergency and Non-Emergency Food Aid Flows on Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author: Egler, Megan
Department: Department of Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics
Program: Food, Agriculture and Resource Economics
Advisor: Sarker, Rakhal
Abstract: Despite receiving high levels of aid and maintaining high growth rates in the last decade, countries in sub-Saharan Africa still suffer from some of the highest rates of poverty in the world. Findings within the empirical literature as to the efficacy of food aid in poverty alleviation have been mixed. I investigate the effect of food aid, disaggregated into emergency and non-emergency flows, on poverty in sub-Saharan Africa. The results suggest that while emergency food aid had no significant effect on poverty, non-emergency food aid had a significantly negative effect. This effect however, was conditional on the makeup of the governing institutions in the recipient country, with a higher efficacy of food aid in poverty alleviation being found in association with autocratic leaning governments. The results demonstrate that disaggregating flows based on their policy objectives and taking into account governing institutions can lend clarity to the study of food aid.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/8789
Date: 2015-04


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