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Effect of the Composition, Nickel Sulfate Addition, and Reduction Temperature on the Morphology of Nickel Oxide through Reduction

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Title: Effect of the Composition, Nickel Sulfate Addition, and Reduction Temperature on the Morphology of Nickel Oxide through Reduction
Author: Moore, Michael
Department: Department of Chemistry
Program: Chemistry
Advisor: Rowntree, Paul
Abstract: The morphology of nickel oxide through reduction under various, controlled conditions was investigated. The reduction process increased the specific surface area of samples from 0.03 to >2 m2/g linearly until ~80 % completion, when it plateaued. Nickel oxide samples with varying concentrations and types of impurities, most notably copper (0.13-5.18 %) and sulfur (0.005-0.36 %) were analyzed to determine their effects on product morphology. The presence of copper impurities had the greatest impact specific surface area, which ranged from 2-6 m2/g between samples after being reduced at 400 °C. The addition of nickel sulfate also increased the specific surface areas by a factor of 1.5-2 by decreasing the rate of sintering. Each type of nickel oxide had a temperature range where the nickel/nickel oxide’s porous network was in a way maintained that depended on the concentration of the sulfate.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/8780
Date: 2015-01


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