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A cross-sectional evaluation of sodium consumption by people in Cambodia

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Title: A cross-sectional evaluation of sodium consumption by people in Cambodia
Author: Ramsay, Lauren Calder
Department: Department of Biomedical Sciences
Program: Biomedical Sciences
Advisor: Summerlee, Alastair
Abstract: The cross-sectional study took place in four provinces in Cambodia: Kampot, Kandal, Kampong Chhnang and Phnom Penh. This study involved the collection of 24-hour urine samples to assess sodium and potassium excretion. Demographic, anthropometric, blood pressure, physical activity level, and socio-economic data were collected in face-to-face interviews. Mean urinary sodium excretion found in the 24-hour urinary sample of the entire sample population (M=5615.93mg,) is nearly three times higher than the World Health Organization recommended intake of 2000mg of sodium, p<0.001. The mean potassium excretion in 24-hours in the sample population is 3455.79mg/day. Sodium excretion has a positive linear relationship with potassium excretion, p=<0.001. There was no relationship between sodium excretion and blood pressure. The major contributors to the high-sodium diet were added seasonings daily during cooking including: salt, fish sauce, monosodium glutamate, and prahok (a locally made fish paste).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/8684
Date: 2014-12
Rights: Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada


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Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada