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Using the Cognitive-Affective Processing System to Better Understand Person and Situation Factors that Contribute to Risk-Taking Among Older Adolescents

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Title: Using the Cognitive-Affective Processing System to Better Understand Person and Situation Factors that Contribute to Risk-Taking Among Older Adolescents
Author: Zdzieborski, Daniel
Department: Department of Psychology
Program: Psychology
Advisor: Morrongiello, Barbara
Abstract: The Cognitive-Affective Processing System (CAPS) was used to theoretically integrate and empirically examine the effect a number of person and situation factors (i.e., impulsivity, interpersonal traits, affect, and peer-based interpersonal situations) have on several forms of adolescent risk-taking. Participants (N = 251) completed a novel, video based assessment of risk-taking (i.e., the Risk-Taking Environment Simulation) under several peer-based interpersonal situations, each emphasizing a different interpersonal context: neutral, dominant-hostile, dominant-friendly, submissive-friendly, or submissive-hostile. Results indicated that although impulsivity significantly predicted risk-taking, interpersonal traits and affect accounted for additional variance in the models over and above impulsivity when predicting some, but not all forms of risk-taking. Additionally, except for physical and non-physical aggression, type of peer-based interpersonal situation did not significantly moderate risk-taking, nor did it significantly change or activate interpersonal traits and affect. Nevertheless, the changes in interpersonal traits and affect that did emerge were related to some forms of risk-taking under certain peer-based interpersonal situations. This approach and findings highlight how using the CAPS framework can be used to gain a fuller understanding of risk-taking. Implications for theory and interventions, as well as limitations and directions for future research, are discussed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/8661
Date: 2014-10
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