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Potential moderators of Caribbean immigrants’ experience of discrimination

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Title: Potential moderators of Caribbean immigrants’ experience of discrimination
Author: Hazell, Vanessa
Department: Department of Psychology
Program: Psychology
Advisor: Safdar, Saba
Abstract: From 1996 to 2001, the number of people of Caribbean background in Canada increased by 11%, compared to 4% for the overall Canadian population (Statistics Canada, 2013). With increasing numbers of Caribbean immigrants moving to Canada every year, it is important for researchers to gain a better understanding of this group successfully copes with this major life transition. This study adopted a resilience framework in its examination of the acculturative stressor of discrimination and its relationship with sociocultural and psychological adaptation and psychological well-being. The potential protective roles of religious coping and bicultural competence (i.e., one’s ability to develop and maintain competence in the heritage and receiving cultures) in these relationships were also examined. Data was collected from 115 first-generation Caribbean Canadian immigrants from the Ontario community. Path analyses revealed that 1) discrimination predicted lower levels of psychological and sociocultural adaptation, but not psychological well-being; 2) positive religious coping protected psychological well-being from the harmful effects of discrimination; 3) bicultural competence protected psychological adaptation from the harmful effects of discrimination; 4) negative religious coping was associated with lower levels of psychological adaptation and psychological well-being. The researcher offers suggestions for future research in this area.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/8654
Date: 2014-12
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada