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Characterizing the Role of Eicosanoids in Maturation-Inducing Steroid-Mediated Ovulation and Spawning in the Zebrafish (Danio rerio)

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Title: Characterizing the Role of Eicosanoids in Maturation-Inducing Steroid-Mediated Ovulation and Spawning in the Zebrafish (Danio rerio)
Author: Knight, Olivia M.
Department: Department of Integrative Biology
Program: Integrative Biology
Advisor: Van Der Kraak, Glen
Abstract: This study employed a hormone bioassay to characterize the eicosanoids involved in zebrafish ovulation and spawning, in particular the prostaglandin (PG) products of cyclooxygenase (COX) metabolism and the leukotriene (LT) products of lipoxygenase (LOX) metabolism. Exposure to the teleost progestogen 17α, 20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20βP) induced ovulation, but not spawning, in solitary females and both ovulation and spawning in male-female pairs. Transcription of the eicosanoid-synthesizing enzymes cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) and COX-2 increased and LTC4 synthase decreased in peri-ovulatory ovaries of 17,20βP-exposed fish. Ovarian PGF2α levels increased post-spawning in 17,20βP-exposed fish, but there was no difference in LTB4 or LTC4. Pre-exposure to cPLA2 or LOX inhibitors reduced 17,20βP-induced ovulation rates, while a COX inhibitor had no effect on ovulation or spawning. Collectively, these findings suggest that eicosanoids, in particular LOX metabolites, mediate 17,20βP-induced ovulation in zebrafish. COX metabolites also appear to be involved in ovulation and spawning but their role remains undefined.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/8200
Date: 2014-07


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