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Daily Temporal Dynamics of a Large Mammal Predator-Prey System

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dc.contributor.advisor Fryxell, John
dc.contributor.advisor Patterson, Brent
dc.contributor.author Vander Vennen, Lucas
dc.date.accessioned 2014-05-12T16:27:48Z
dc.date.available 2014-05-12T16:27:48Z
dc.date.copyright 2014
dc.date.created 2014-04-17
dc.date.issued 2014-05-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/8116
dc.description.abstract Predation is a strong determinant of predator and prey behaviour, but little is known about diel predator-prey dynamics. Here I use GPS telemtry to evaluate drivers of wolf (Canis lupus) and moose (Alces alces) daily activity patterns in northern Ontario and examine how these patterns drive diel predation patterns during winter. Wolves and moose reduced velocity in warm periods of summer days, but showed little response to winter temperature. Both species increased velocity near dawn and dusk and tracked the timing of these periods throughout the year. Velocity of both wolves and moose increased kill rates of moose via encounter rate and prey detectability respectively. Crepuscular light had a negative influence on kill rate, contrary to previous hypotheses. This work shows how variation in movement parameters can provide novel insight into determinants of predator and prey activity patterns and in turn how these behaviours influence diel variation in predation. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This work was conducted as part of a large multi-agency research program with funding provided by the Forest Ecosystem Science Co-operative Inc., NSERC CRD program, Canadian Forest Service, and the Wildlife Research and Development Division and the Center for Northern Forest Ecosystem Research of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ca/ *
dc.subject kill rate en_US
dc.subject wolf en_US
dc.subject moose en_US
dc.subject Canis lupus en_US
dc.subject Alces alces en_US
dc.subject ideal gas model en_US
dc.subject prey detectability en_US
dc.subject encounter rate en_US
dc.subject temporal variation in predation en_US
dc.subject activity pattern en_US
dc.title Daily Temporal Dynamics of a Large Mammal Predator-Prey System en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.degree.programme Integrative Biology en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science en_US
dc.degree.department Department of Integrative Biology en_US
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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada