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Do Water Service Provision Contracts with Neighbouring Population Centres Reduce Drinking Water Risk on Reserves?

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Title: Do Water Service Provision Contracts with Neighbouring Population Centres Reduce Drinking Water Risk on Reserves?
Author: Woods, Bethany
Department: Department of Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics
Program: Food, Agriculture and Resource Economics
Advisor: Deaton, Brady
Abstract: In 2011, 39% of drinking water systems on Canadian First Nations’ reserves were classified as high risk. In recent years some First Nations have contracted water services from neighboring population centres through ‘Municipal Type Agreements’. Using a unique data set of 804 First Nation water systems, I explore both factors that influence participation in MTAs and the effect of participation on the likelihood that a reserve will be under a boil water advisory. This analysis was completed with two probit models. The first model describes the likelihood that a First Nation will be in an MTA agreement. The second estimates the likelihood that a First Nation will be under a boil-water advisory. My primary finding is that MTA’s reduce the likelihood of a boil-water advisory. This is an important consideration when developing incentives or institutions that influence collaboration between First Nations and Canadian population centres.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/8071
Date: 2014-04


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