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The role of folic acid in maintaining colorectal cancer cell DNA methylation patterns, and cancer stem cell phenotype in vitro

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Title: The role of folic acid in maintaining colorectal cancer cell DNA methylation patterns, and cancer stem cell phenotype in vitro
Author: Farias, Nathan
Department: Department of Biomedical Sciences
Program: Biomedical Sciences
Advisor: Coomber, Brenda
Abstract: Folic acid is a B vitamin involved in DNA CpG methylation. Mandated dietary fortification has led to a subsequent increase in blood folate concentration which has been correlated to a simultaneous spike in colorectal cancer incidence in Canada and the US. Several human colorectal cancer cell lines were cultivated under low (0 mg/L), standard (4 mg/L), and high (16 mg/L) folate conditions for seven days, then assessed for DNA methyltransferase1 protein expression, changes in DNA methylation, and ability to generate colonospheres in culture. Low folic acid levels generally led to reduced DNMT1 protein expression, CpG hypomethylation, and reduced colonosphere yield. High folic acid levels led to increased DNMT1 protein expression, CpG hypermethylation, and maintained colonosphere yield. This data demonstrates that varying levels of folic acid in vitro can influence the methylation status and cancer stem cell self-renewal ability of human colorectal cancer cells.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/7734
Date: 2013-12
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada