Main content

Double Hopf Bifurcation with Huygens Symmetry

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Kitanov, Petko M.
dc.contributor.author Langford, William F.
dc.contributor.author Willms, Allan R.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-04-30T15:43:06Z
dc.date.available 2013-04-30T15:43:06Z
dc.date.issued 2013-01-24
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/6594
dc.description.abstract Double Hopf bifurcations have been studied prior to this work in the generic nonresonant case and in certain strongly resonant cases, including 1:1 resonance. In this paper, the case of symmetrically coupled identical oscillators, motivated by the classic problem of synchronization of Huygens' clocks, is studied using the codimension-three Elphick-Huygens equivariant normal form presented here. The focus is on the effect that the Huygens symmetry assumption has on the dynamic behavior of the system. Periodic solutions include the classical in-phase and anti-phase normal modes that are forced by the symmetry, as well as pairs of mixed mode phase-locked periodic solutions. The escapement paradox is explained. A theorem based on topological degree theory establishes the existence of quasiperiodic solutions in an invariant 3-torus that resembles a 2-torus slightly thickened to a solid toroidal shell, with the two principal radii of the 2-torus slowly modulated in time; that is, a \emph{toroidal breather}. Secondary bifurcations from the in-phase and anti-phase normal modes are explored, of codimension-one and -two, and it is shown that an Arnold tongue plays a fundamental role in the determination of whether secondary bifurcation gives birth to phase-locked periodic solutions or to quasiperiodic solutions. Detailed numerical analysis, using Matlab, extends the local bifurcation analysis to a more global picture that includes coexistence of multiple stable solutions and a "swallowtail" bifurcation of periodic solutions. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher SIAM, Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems en_US
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ca/ *
dc.subject double Hopf bifurcation en_US
dc.subject symmetry en_US
dc.subject equivariant bifurcation theory en_US
dc.subject nonlinear resonance en_US
dc.subject coupled identical oscillators en_US
dc.subject Huygens' clocks en_US
dc.subject toroidal breather en_US
dc.title Double Hopf Bifurcation with Huygens Symmetry en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.rights.license All items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dcterms.relation SIAM J. App. Dyn. Syst. 12 (1) (2013) 126-174.


Files in this item

Files Size Format View Description
Kitanov_Langford_Willms_SIAMJAppDynSyst_2013.pdf 2.625Mb PDF View/Open Main article - publisher's version
breather.mp4 8.336Mb MPEG video View/Open breather video

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ca/ Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ca/