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An investigation of a novel analytic model for the fitness of a multiple classifier system

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Title: An investigation of a novel analytic model for the fitness of a multiple classifier system
Author: Mahmoud, El Sayed
Department: School of Computer Science
Program: Computer Science
Advisor: Calvert, David
Abstract: The growth in the use of machine learning in different areas has revealed challenging classification problems that require robust systems. Multiple Classier Systems (MCSs) have attracted interest from researchers as a method that could address such problems. Optimizing the fitness of an MCS improves its, robustness. The lack of an analysis for MCSs from a fitness perspective is identified. To fill this gap, an analytic model from this perspective is derived mathematically by extending the error analysis introduced by Brown and Kuncheva in 2010. The model relates the fitness of an MCS to the average accuracy, positive-diversity, and negative-diversity of the classifiers that constitute the MCS. The model is verified using a statistical analysis of a Monte-Carlo based simulation. This shows the significance of the indicated relationships by the model. This model provides guidelines for developing robust MCSs. It enables the selection of classifiers which compose an MCS with an improved fitness while improving computational cost by avoiding local calculations. The usefulness of the model for designing classification systems is investigated. A new measure consisting of the accuracy and positive-diversity is developed. This measure evaluates fitness while avoiding many calculations compared to the regular measures. A new system (Gadapt) is developed. Gadapt combines machine learning and genetic algorithms to define subsets of the feature space that closely match true class regions. It uses the new measure as a multi-objective criterion for a multi-objective genetic algorithm to identify the MCSs those create the subsets. The design of Gadapt is validated experimentally. The usefulness of the measure and the method of determining the subsets for the performance of Gadapt are examined based on five generated data sets that represent a wide range of problems. The robustness of Gadapt to small amounts of training data is evaluated in comparison with five existing systems on four benchmark data sets. The performance of Gadapt is evaluated in comparison with eleven existing systems on nine benchmark data sets. The analysis of the experiment results supports the validity of the Gadapt design and the outperforming of Gadapt on the existing systems in terms of robustness and performance.
Date: 2012-11
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