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PMOS-based Integrated Charge Pumps with Extended Voltage Range in Standard CMOS Technology

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Title: PMOS-based Integrated Charge Pumps with Extended Voltage Range in Standard CMOS Technology
Author: Liu, Jingqi
Department: School of Engineering
Program: Engineering
Advisor: Gregori, Stefano
Abstract: This thesis presents the design and implementation of PMOS-based integrated charge pumps with extended voltage range and their regulation circuits in a standard process. The performance of charge pumps are evaluated by their output resistances and power conversion efficiencies. Formulas which describe the charge pump characteristics are developed and presented. Existing charge pumps are analyzed and studied to understand their limitations in generating high voltages and achieving high performance. The proposed charge pump structures are designed to use PMOS switches to alleviate the high voltage stresses across transistors by biasing their bulk independently. The voltages across transistors and capacitors are kept within the suggested voltage rating (VDD)regardless of how high the output voltage is, thus the maximum voltage range is extended and no longer limited by the breakdown voltages of the devices. The charge pump circuits only need low-voltage devices and standard processes, and can be easily integrated in a digital or mixed-signal design. The proposed charge pump regulation circuits include a voltage divider, a voltage controlled ring oscillator and a feedback operational amplifier. The regulation circuits are able to adjust the clock frequency to regulate the charge pump to a steady output voltage (set by the reference voltage) under a large range of current loads. A test chip including the proposed charge pumps and regulation circuits was fabricated in a 0.18 um digital CMOS process provided by Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC). The proposed charge pumps were tested and demonstrated the reliable generation of output voltages up to 11.47 V using only low-voltage devices. The simulation and measurement results have been presented and compared, demonstrating the functionality and performance of the proposed circuits.
Date: 2012-07
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