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Inheritance and Quantitative Trait Loci Analysis of Folate Content in Dry Beans

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Title: Inheritance and Quantitative Trait Loci Analysis of Folate Content in Dry Beans
Author: Khanal, Sarita
Department: Department of Plant Agriculture
Program: Plant Agriculture
Advisor: Navabi, AlirezaPauls, K. Peter
Abstract: Dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) contain high levels of folates. These compounds are essential vitamins and folate deficiencies may lead to a number of health problems. The objectives of this study were to examine the mode of inheritance of folate content and identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with folate content in dry beans. Inheritance of folate content was studied in the F1 hybrids of one-way diallel crosses among Othello, AC Elk, Redhawk and Taylor, and an F2 population of the cross between Redhawk and Othello. Total folate content and 5 methyltetrahydrofolate (5MTHF) were measured twice within a one hour interval. Significant variation in folate content was observed among the parental genotypes, their F1 hybrids, and the F2 individuals of a cross between Redhawk and Othello, ranging from 147 to 345 µg/100g. Reductions in the 5MTHF content and total folate content values in the second measurement from samples were highly variable for all four parental lines ranging from 5 to 30% and 7 to 33%, respectively. A single marker QTL analysis identified at least three QTL for folate content in the F2 population. For the majority of identified QTL, dominance effects appeared to be the major genetic effect.
Date: 2012-04
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