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Factors Affecting Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Ontario Vegetable Crops

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Title: Factors Affecting Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Ontario Vegetable Crops
Author: Hu, Chanli
Department: Department of Plant Agriculture
Program: Plant Agriculture
Advisor: McDonald, Mary RuthCao, Rong
Abstract: The total phenolic content (TPC) of common vegetables grown in Ontario was determined by the Folin-Ciocalteu method, and it was found that the broccoli inflorescence had an exceptionally high TPC on average value, followed by cabbage, onion, potato and carrot. The TPC values of darkpurple potatoes and carrots were higher than the common potatoes and carrots. Positive correlations between the TPC and TAA were observed with varied degrees in all vegetables. Choice of cultivar and production practices can be used to increase TPC and TAA in a wide range of vegetables. Insecticide application did not influence the TPC and TAA of broccoli leaves and flowers. Higher N rate decreased the TPC and TAA of cabbage cultivar ‘Huron’ and of carrot. Fungicide and biofungicide applications did not influence TAA in carrots. Fertilizer applications did not influence the TAA of onions, but there was a decrease in TPC. The rate of MAP (mono ammonium phosphate 52% P2O5) affected the TAA of onions, but the influence was inconsistent between two antioxidant assays. High temperature with possibly high rainfall capacity occurred in the year increased the TPC and TAA of most studied vegetable crops.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/3592
Date: 2012-04
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