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Development of the Indicator Amino Acid Oxidation Technique for the Determination of the Minimum Methionine Requirement in the Domestic Cat

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Title: Development of the Indicator Amino Acid Oxidation Technique for the Determination of the Minimum Methionine Requirement in the Domestic Cat
Author: Guazzelli Pezzali, Julia
Department: Department of Animal Biosciences
Program: Animal Biosciences
Advisor: Shoveller, Anna Kate
Abstract: Empirical data on the requirement of dietary indispensable amino acids for adult cats are lacking. Current recommendations for the majority of dietary indispensable amino acids for adult cats are extrapolated from growing kitten studies, with exception of methionine and lysine. The minimum methionine requirement proposed by regulatory agencies is based on one study in which an insensitive technique for mature animals was used. Methionine plays critical roles in the metabolism, and hence, the use of more sensitive techniques, such as the indicator amino acid oxidation, to accurately determine the minimum methionine requirement in adult cats is essential to ensure feline health. Thus, the objectives of this thesis were 1) to develop a safe and palatable semi-synthetic diet limiting in methionine to be used in methionine requirement studies in cats; 2) to investigate the effect of methionine source and levels on diet preference and plasma amino acid concentrations; 3) to develop the indicator amino acid oxidation technique in the domestic cat, and 4) to apply this methodology to determine the minimum methionine requirement in adult cats. A semi-synthetic diet with inclusion of intact ingredients was successfully developed. No detrimental effects on the physiological parameters assessed were observed during short-term feeding and the diet was well accepted. No preferences towards a source or level of methionine included in the semi-synthetic diet were observed. The short-term feeding of a methionine deficient diet displayed lower plasma methionine and higher plasma homocysteine concentrations compared to cats fed a methionine sufficient diet. A feeding and isotope protocol was developed for indicator amino acid oxidation studies in cats to ensure achievement of state-state of 13CO2 enrichment in breath. A higher dose of 13C-bicarbonate was necessary in cats compared to humans to prime the bicarbonate pool. The minimum methionine requirement estimates in adult cats using the indicator amino acid oxidation technique were higher than the current regulatory recommendations. Future studies should investigate the long-term metabolic effects of different dietary levels of methionine in cats and continue to apply the indicator amino acid oxidation technique to determine the requirement of other indispensable amino acids in this species.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10214/27304
Date: 2022-11
Terms of Use: All items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
Related Publications: Pezzali, & Shoveller, A. K. (2021). Short communication: the effects of a semi-synthetic diet with inclusion of black soldier fly larvae meal on health parameters of healthy adult cats. Journal of Animal Science, 99(10). doi:10.1093/jas/skab290


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