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Do Motives to Reinforce the Social Order Lead Women to Self-Objectify?

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dc.contributor.advisor Son Hing, Leanne Stamarski, Cailin 2022-01-13T19:07:51Z 2022-01-13T19:07:51Z 2022-01 2021-11-24
dc.description.abstract Self-objectification has been shown to be harmful to women, yet little research has examined the underlying mechanisms that drive women to self-objectify. Theorists have suggested that women self-objectify because of continual exposure to sexual objectification in society. However, how this occurs is unclear. System justification processes could be why women internalize gendered status differences and self-objectify. In two studies, system justification processes were experimentally manipulated by exposing participants to a system threat and then measuring participants’ self-objectification. If system justification processes are one reason why women self-objectify, then women (but not men) should self-objectify more after exposure to a system threat than after exposure to other forms of threat. In Experiment 1, we find partial support for the prediction that exposure to a system threat results in increased self-objectification among women when compared with a control condition. This was not the case for men as there were no differences between conditions on any of the self-objectification measures. Additionally, being exposed to another type of threat did not result in increased self-objectification for women or men. Findings from Experiment 2 were consistent with findings from Experiment 1, as women exposed to a system threat self-objectified more than women exposed to a control condition and to a no threat condition. There was also some evidence that this relation between system threat and self-objectification is mediated by benevolent sexism and that it is not mediated by hostile sexism. In addition, the relation does not seem to be moderated by social dominance orientation. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Guelph en
dc.subject Self-Objectification en_US
dc.subject System Justification en_US
dc.subject Social Dominance Orientation en_US
dc.subject Benevolent Sexism en_US
dc.subject Hostile Sexism en_US
dc.title Do Motives to Reinforce the Social Order Lead Women to Self-Objectify? en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Psychology en_US Doctor of Philosophy en_US Department of Psychology en_US
dc.rights.license All items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated. University of Guelph en

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