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The Ethics of Water: From Commodification to Common Ownership


タイトル: The Ethics of Water: From Commodification to Common Ownership
著者: Fioret, Cameron
Department: Department of Philosophy
Program: Philosophy
Advisor: Deveaux, Monique
抄録: Water is the fulcrum on which life pivots––it is nonpareil in its importance for life on Earth. Climate change and the ever-expanding sphere of water commodification raise important ethical and sociopolitical questions and ramifications that are not reducible to only distributional concerns. Philosophical, normative work on climate change is prolific, but there is considerably less research on water issues specifically. Drawing on research in democratic political theory and environmental philosophy, I pose and address five main questions in this dissertation: 1. What right, if any, do people have to water? 2. What are the putative harms of privatizing and commodifying water? 3. Should naturally occurring necessities for human life, like water, be considered owned in common as common territory or property? 4. If so, what are the most compelling normative and ethical grounds for justifying common ownership of water? 5. How might people’s rights to access to water be protected through legal and political means, and what role might local and transnational political activism play in hastening the implementation of such protections? In answering these questions, this dissertation contributes to the burgeoning study of water ethics and justice within academic philosophy while working through the lens of non-ideal theory and a hybrid engaged philosophy. Communities subjected to water commodification, I argue, ultimately suffer a form of political domination insofar as they lack democratic decision-making power and control over this most vital of resources. I contend that deliberative democratic theory provides suggestive tools (at the level of norms and institutional design) for rethinking the governance of water. Drawing on contemporary water justice movements, I also show how anti-water-commodification struggles can utilize water recommoning practices to make water governance processes more deeply democratic. By way of five main case studies—Guelph-Wellington; Detroit, Flint and Baltimore; Cochabamba; Grenoble; and Kerala—I convey the global yet local, or glocal, scope of normative water issues. Additionally, I provide normative analyses of water governance and water injustice, and I show why the political harms of water commodification require democratic remedies.
日付: 2021-10
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International


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Attribution 4.0 International Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International