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Beans for Healthy Aging: An Exploration of Factors Related to Bean Consumption in Older Adults and An Examination of the Effects of Canned Beans of Multiple Varieties in Different Daily Amounts on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Biomarkers in Adults with Elevated LDL Cholesterol

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Title: Beans for Healthy Aging: An Exploration of Factors Related to Bean Consumption in Older Adults and An Examination of the Effects of Canned Beans of Multiple Varieties in Different Daily Amounts on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Biomarkers in Adults with Elevated LDL Cholesterol
Author: Doma, Katarina
Department: Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences
Program: Human Health and Nutritional Sciences
Advisor: Duncan, Alison
Abstract: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death in Canada and the United States and with rapidly aging populations, strategies promoting consumption of nutrient-dense foods to improve modifiable risk factors for CVD are needed. Beans are a candidate food for healthy aging since they are nutrient-dense and are associated with reduced CVD risk through their ability to reduce total and LDL cholesterol. However, studies focused on bean consumption in older adults and on the effects of multiple bean varieties in different daily amounts on lipid profile are lacking. Therefore, this research addressed these gaps with three objectives: (1) to determine the prevalence of bean consumption and identify motivators, barriers, and other factors related to bean consumption among older adults, (2) to determine the awareness and knowledge of the nutritional and health attributes of beans among older adults, and (3) to determine the effects of canned beans of multiple varieties in different daily amounts on fasting serum lipid profile in adults with elevated LDL cholesterol. Objectives #1 and #2 were addressed using a mixed-methods approach including a researcher-administered questionnaire (n=250) followed by focus groups (n=49). Objective #1 results showed that 51.2% of older adult (65 years) participants were bean consumers who were significantly more likely to indicate motivators to their bean consumption compared to bean non-consumers. Conversely, bean non-consumers were significantly more likely than bean consumers to indicate barriers to their bean consumption. Objective #2 results showed that most (99.2%) older adult participants considered beans a healthy food. However, gaps exist in participant’s awareness of the nutritional and health attributes of beans. Finally, objective #3 was addressed using a multi-centre, randomized, crossover clinical trial in adults with elevated LDL cholesterol. Participants consumed 1 cup beans (1CB; n=66), ½ cup beans (½CB; n=68) and 1 cup white rice (WR; n=64) for 4 weeks each separated by ≥4-week washout periods. Total and LDL cholesterol were significantly lower for 1CB but not ½CB compared to WR. Collectively, these studies provide evidence that can inform practical dietary strategies to increase bean consumption thereby reducing CVD risk and contributing to healthy aging in North America. 
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10214/26426
Date: 2021-08
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Terms of Use: All items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
Related Publications: Doma, K. M., Farrell, E. L., Leith-Bailey, E. R., Soucier, V. D., & Duncan, A. M. (2019). Motivators, barriers and other factors related to bean consumption in older adults. Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics, 38(4), 397–413. doi:10.1080/21551197.2019.1646690Doma, K. M., Farrell, E. L., Leith-Bailey, E. R., Soucier, V. D., & Duncan, A. M. (2019). Older adults' awareness and knowledge of beans in relation to their nutrient content and role in chronic disease risk. Nutrients, 11(11), 2680. doi:10.3390/nu11112680


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