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Understanding Pericardial Adipose Tissue Mitochondrial Bioenergetics in the Context of Obesity

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dc.contributor.advisor Holloway, Graham Kirsh, Aleah 2021-08-31T19:44:11Z 2021-08 2021-07-29
dc.description.abstract Consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) can alter mitochondrial bioenergetics within adipose tissue (AT) contributing to an increased risk of all-cause-mortality. However, AT also presents with the ability to induce mitochondrial uncoupling, an anti-obesogenic response. The ability of AT to induce uncoupling/browning is not uniform across AT depots, and little is known about pericardial AT (pWAT), the depot in direct contact with the heart. Therefore, this thesis aims to characterize mitochondrial bioenergetics in pWAT, and the response to HFD and obesity. Relative to epididymal AT, pWAT displayed increased uncoupling protein-1 content, mitochondrial electron transport chain abundance, leak respiration, and morphological characteristics of brown AT. When challenged with a HFD, and in a hyperphagic model of obesity, pWAT increased in abundance but retained markers of uncoupling. Altogether, these data highlight the brown characteristics of pWAT, and suggests it has a possible protective role in oxidizing/limiting excessive lipid delivery to the heart. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Guelph en_US
dc.subject pericardial adipose tissue en_US
dc.subject mitochondrial bioenergetics en_US
dc.subject obesity en_US
dc.title Understanding Pericardial Adipose Tissue Mitochondrial Bioenergetics in the Context of Obesity en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Human Health and Nutritional Sciences en_US Master of Science en_US Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences en_US
dc.description.embargo 2022-07-29
dc.rights.license All items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated. University of Guelph en_US

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