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Snack and Beverage Sources of Free Sugar in Canadian Preschool-aged Children

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dc.contributor.advisor Ma, David
dc.contributor.author Yu, Jessica
dc.date.accessioned 2021-08-27T13:37:57Z
dc.date.available 2021-08-27T13:37:57Z
dc.date.copyright 2021-08
dc.date.created 2021-08-06
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10214/26307
dc.description.abstract This thesis investigated free sugar (FS) intake from snacks and beverages among young Canadian children and compared intake with World Health Organization recommendations that FS intake be limited to <5% of total energy (TE). In 267 non-breastfeeding children from 210 families, FS contributed 10.6 ± 6.9% TE (mean ± SD). In our sample, 30% of children consumed ≥5% TE from snack FS and 17% consumed ≥5% TE from beverage FS. Snacks and beverages accounted for 49 ± 30.9% of FS energy. Top snack sources of FS (% children, children’s %TE from FS) were bakery products (55%, 2.4%), candy and sweet condiments (21%, 3.0%), and sugar-containing beverages (SCB) (20%, 4.1%). Top SCB sources of FS (49%, 5.3%) were 100% fruit juice (22%, 4.6%) and flavoured milk (11%, 3.1%). Efforts should be made to reduce FS intake from these sources, particularly bakery products, candy and sweet condiments, and SCBs. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada; Canadian Institutes of Health Research en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Guelph en_US
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ *
dc.subject Preschoolers en_US
dc.subject toddlers en_US
dc.subject free sugar en_US
dc.subject snacks en_US
dc.subject beverages en_US
dc.subject World Health Organization en_US
dc.subject recommendations en_US
dc.subject dietary patterns en_US
dc.subject ASA24-Canada en_US
dc.subject Health Canada en_US
dc.subject dietary intake en_US
dc.subject dental caries en_US
dc.subject childhood obesity en_US
dc.title Snack and Beverage Sources of Free Sugar in Canadian Preschool-aged Children en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.degree.programme Human Health and Nutritional Sciences en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science en_US
dc.degree.department Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences en_US
dc.degree.grantor University of Guelph en_US


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