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Snack and Beverage Sources of Free Sugar in Canadian Preschool-aged Children

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dc.contributor.advisor Ma, David Yu, Jessica 2021-08-27T13:37:57Z 2021-08-27T13:37:57Z 2021-08 2021-08-06
dc.description.abstract This thesis investigated free sugar (FS) intake from snacks and beverages among young Canadian children and compared intake with World Health Organization recommendations that FS intake be limited to <5% of total energy (TE). In 267 non-breastfeeding children from 210 families, FS contributed 10.6 ± 6.9% TE (mean ± SD). In our sample, 30% of children consumed ≥5% TE from snack FS and 17% consumed ≥5% TE from beverage FS. Snacks and beverages accounted for 49 ± 30.9% of FS energy. Top snack sources of FS (% children, children’s %TE from FS) were bakery products (55%, 2.4%), candy and sweet condiments (21%, 3.0%), and sugar-containing beverages (SCB) (20%, 4.1%). Top SCB sources of FS (49%, 5.3%) were 100% fruit juice (22%, 4.6%) and flavoured milk (11%, 3.1%). Efforts should be made to reduce FS intake from these sources, particularly bakery products, candy and sweet condiments, and SCBs. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada; Canadian Institutes of Health Research en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Guelph en_US
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.subject Preschoolers en_US
dc.subject toddlers en_US
dc.subject free sugar en_US
dc.subject snacks en_US
dc.subject beverages en_US
dc.subject World Health Organization en_US
dc.subject recommendations en_US
dc.subject dietary patterns en_US
dc.subject ASA24-Canada en_US
dc.subject Health Canada en_US
dc.subject dietary intake en_US
dc.subject dental caries en_US
dc.subject childhood obesity en_US
dc.title Snack and Beverage Sources of Free Sugar in Canadian Preschool-aged Children en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Human Health and Nutritional Sciences en_US Master of Science en_US Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences en_US University of Guelph en_US

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