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Longitudinal Monitoring of Psychophysiological Internal Load of Male and Female Varsity Ice Hockey Players throughout a Season

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Title: Longitudinal Monitoring of Psychophysiological Internal Load of Male and Female Varsity Ice Hockey Players throughout a Season
Author: Bigg, Jessica
Department: Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences
Program: Human Health and Nutritional Sciences
Advisor: Spriet, Lawrence
Abstract: Athlete monitoring of internal load during training and competition has been of growing interest in team sports. It is thought that understanding potential relationships between the demands placed on athletes and the elicited responses may provide insight on proper training prescription to optimize health and performance. Using a psychological (sessional rating of perceived exertion, sRPE) and physiological measure (training impulse, TRIMP) of internal load, this thesis focused on quantifying the demands during training and competition in male and female varsity ice hockey. The first study demonstrated that internal load was greater during competitions compared to training in male players. Goalies had the highest internal load during training followed by forwards, and defence, with no positional differences for competitions, except forwards having a higher TRIMP than defence. Weekly micro-periodization demonstrated training sessions further from game day had higher internal loads and tapered as game day approached, and a meso-cycle assessment revealed the regular season had the highest internal load. The second study demonstrated that games required a higher internal load compared to training for female players. Positional comparisons revealed no differences during training, but goalies had the highest internal load for competitions. Micro-cycle periodization demonstrated training sessions further from game day had higher internal loads and tapered as game day approached, and a meso-cycle assessment revealed the post-season had the highest internal load. The final study explored internal load during games, particularly across game periods, and reported that period 3 had a higher internal load than the two preceding periods. Overall, there were no differences between sexes, however, when considering position, male forwards had higher internal loads during periods compared to female forwards, but male defence had lower internal loads compared to female defence. For males, forwards had a higher internal load within periods compared to defence, but for females, defence had a higher internal load compared to forwards. Altogether, this thesis provides novel insight into the demands of training and competition across a varsity ice hockey season for males and females. These studies provide a descriptive foundation for what meso- and micro-periodization does occur, and the demands throughout a game.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10214/26110
Date: 2021-07
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Related Publications: Bigg, J. L., Gamble, A. S. ., Vermeulen, T. F., Bigg, L. M., & Spriet, L. L. (2020). Sweat Loss and Fluid Intake of Female Varsity Ice Hockey Players During On-Ice Practices and Games. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34(2), 389–395. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003351Bigg, J. L., Gamble, A. S. D., Vermeulen, T. F., Boville, S. M., Eskedjian, G. S., Palmer, M. S., & Spriet, L. L. (2019). Sweat Loss and Hydration Habits of Female Olympic, Varsity and Recreational Ice Hockey Players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(6), 416–422. https://doi.org/10.1055/a-0877-7028Madden, R. F., Erdman, K. A., Shearer, J., Spriet, L. L., Ferber, R., Kolstad, A. T., Bigg, J. L., Gamble, A. S. D., & Benson, L. C. (2019). Effects of Caffeine on Exertion, Skill Performance and Physicality in Ice Hockey. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 14(10), 1–1429. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2019-0130


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