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Examining the Relationship Between Exercise Dependence, Disordered Eating, and Low Energy Availability

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Title: Examining the Relationship Between Exercise Dependence, Disordered Eating, and Low Energy Availability
Author: Kuikman, Megan
Department: Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences
Program: Human Health and Nutritional Sciences
Advisor: Burr, Jamie
Abstract: The purpose of this research was to assess if exercise dependence (EXD) increases the risk of low energy availability (LEA), with consideration of disordered eating (DE) and athlete calibre. Via survey response female (n=642) and male (n=257) athletes were categorized into one of the following: DE only, EXD only, DE+EXD, or standard controls. Compared to controls, the likelihood of being at risk of LEA was 2.5 times for female athletes with DE and >5.5 times with combined DE+EXD. Notably, female athletes with EXD only were not at an increased risk of LEA. Similarly, male athletes with DE, both with or without EXD, were more likely to report various signs and symptoms associated with LEA compared to controls, which was not seen in male athletes with EXD only. Compared to recreational athletes, female and male international caliber and male national calibre athletes were less likely to be classified with DE.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10214/25946
Date: 2021
Terms of Use: All items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
Related Publications: Kuikman, M. A., Mountjoy, M., Stellingwerff, T., & Burr, J. F. (2021). A Review of Nonpharmacological Strategies in the Treatment of Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 31(3), 268–275. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2020-0211


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