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Transient dose-dependent effects of ketamine in neuronal oscillatory activity in Wistar Kyoto rats

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Title: Transient dose-dependent effects of ketamine in neuronal oscillatory activity in Wistar Kyoto rats
Author: Manduca, Joshua
Department: Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology
Program: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Advisor: Perreault, Melissa
Abstract: Ketamine is a promising therapeutic for treatment-resistant depression (TRD) but is associated with an array of short-term psychomimetic side-effects. These disparate drug effects may be elicited through the modulation of neural circuit activity. The purpose of this study was to therefore delineate dose- and time-dependent changes in ketamine-induced neural oscillatory patterns in regions of the brain implicated in depression. Wistar-Kyoto rats were used as a model system to study these aspects of TRD neuropathology whereas Wistar rats were used as a control strain. Animals received a low (10 mg/kg) or high (30 mg/kg) dose of ketamine and temporal changes in neural oscillatory activity recorded from the prefrontal cortex (PFC), cingulate cortex (Cg), and nucleus accumbens (NAc) for ninety minutes. Effects of each dose of ketamine on immobility in the forced swim test were also evaluated. High dose ketamine induced a transient increase in theta power in the PFC and Cg, as well as a dose-dependent increase in gamma power in these regions 10-min, but not 90-min, post-administration. In contrast, only low dose ketamine normalized innate deficits in fast gamma coherence between the NAc-Cg and PFC-Cg, an effect that persisted at 90-min post-injection. These low dose ketamine-induced oscillatory alterations were accompanied by a reduction in immobility time in the forced swim test. These results show that ketamine induces time-dependent effects on neural oscillations at specific frequencies. These drug-induced changes may differentially contribute to the psychomimetic and therapeutic effects of the drug.
Date: 2021-04
Terms of Use: All items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
Related Publications: Manduca, J.D., Thériault, R.K., Williams, O.O.F., Rasmussen, D.J., Perreault, M.L. (2020) Transient dose-dependent effects of ketamine on neural oscillatory activity in Wistar-Kyoto rats. Neuroscience. 441:161-175. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2020.05.012.
Embargoed Until: 2021-04-26

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