Main content

Whole-plant carbon relations and root respiration associated with root tolerance to high soil temperature for Agrostis grasses

Show full item record

Title: Whole-plant carbon relations and root respiration associated with root tolerance to high soil temperature for Agrostis grasses
Author: Lyons, Eric M.; Pote, John; DaCosta, Michelle; Huang, Bingru
Abstract: Plant tolerance to high soil temperature may be related to the adjustment in carbon production and utilization. The objective of this study was to determine changes in whole-plant carbon balance and root respiration rate in relation to root tolerance to high soil temperature for two Agrostis grass species varying in heat tolerance. Plant tolerance to high soil temperature was compared between Agrostis scabra, a thermal grass species adapted to chronic high-temperature soils in the geothermal areas in Yellowstone National Park, and creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera), a cultivated grass species adapted to cool climatic regions. Plant roots were exposed to low soil temperature (20°C) or high soil temperature (37°C) for 17 days in water baths placed in a controlled-environment growth chamber. Root biomass and cell membrane stability were determined to evaluate root thermotolerance of both species. Canopy photosynthetic rate (Pn), whole-plant respiration rate, root respiration rate, and total non-structural carbohydrate (TNC) content were measured to assess changes in carbon production and utilization in response to high soil temperature. Root biomass and cell membrane stability declined with increasing soil temperature, but the decline was much less for A. scabra than A. stolonifera, suggesting that roots of A. scabra were more tolerant to heat stress. Canopy Pn decreased and whole-plant respiration rate increased for A. stolonifera, but canopy Pn and respiration rate were unchanged for A. scabra in response to increasing soil temperature. After 17 days of high soil temperature treatment, A. stolonifera exhibited carbon deficit at the whole-plant level, whereas A. scabra maintained positive carbon gain. Root respiration of plants previously grown at 20°C increased after a short-term treatment (24 h) at 37°C, but the increase was significantly lower for A. scabra than for A. stolonifera. TNC content in roots did not show response to short-term (24 h) changes in temperature and did not exhibit species variations. Leaves of A. scabra, however, maintained TNC content under both low and high temperature regimes. Our results suggest that root thermotolerance of cool-season grasses could be related to the maintenance of positive whole-plant carbon balance, and down-regulation of whole-plant and root respiration rates in response to increasing soil temperature.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10214/24160
Date: 2007
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Terms of Use: All items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
Related Publications: Lyons, Eric M., Pote, John, DaCosta, Michelle, and Huang, Bingru (2007), Whole-plant carbon relations and root respiration associated with root tolerance to high soil temperature for Agrostis grasses, Environmental and Experimental Botany, 59(3): 307-313. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2006.04.002


Files in this item

Files Size Format View
LyonsEtAl_jenvexpbot200604002.pdf 525.3Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International