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Biological control of Lygus lineolaris (Hemiptera: Miridae) and Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) by Bombus impatiens (Hymenoptera: Apidae) vectored Beauveria bassiana in greenhouse sweet pepper

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Title: Biological control of Lygus lineolaris (Hemiptera: Miridae) and Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) by Bombus impatiens (Hymenoptera: Apidae) vectored Beauveria bassiana in greenhouse sweet pepper
Author: Al-mazra'awi, Mohammad S.; Shipp, Les; Broadbent, Bruce; Kevan, Peter
Abstract: The ability of bumble bees to disseminate conidia of Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin from hive-mounted dispensers to greenhouse sweet peppers for the control of tarnished plant bug (TPB) and western flower thrips (WFT) was investigated in greenhouse trials using large screened enclosures. Samples collected from the enclosures (four treatments) on two sampling dates showed that 97, 90, 91,and 42% of the collected bees, flowers, leaves, and TPB, respectively, showed detectable densities of B. bassiana on the first sampling date. On the second sampling date, 99, 96, 87, and 30% of collected bees, flowers, leaves, and TPB, respectively, showed detectable densities of the fungus. Mean mortalities of TPB collected from cages treated with B. bassiana were 34 and 45% compared to 9 and 15% in the controls on the first and second sampling dates, respectively. Mean infection rates of WFT were 40 and 34% compared to 3% in the controls on the first and second sampling dates, respectively. These results indicate that bumble bees are an eVective means of vectoring the fungal conidia to the crop. The pollinator vector technology is a novel example of integrating agro-ecosystem processes of pollination and pest management, that reduces the reliance on insecticides and increases crop yields and quality.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/2403
Date: 2006
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Citation: Al-mazra'awi, M. S., Shipp, L., Broadbent, B., and Kevan, P. "Biological control of Lygus lineolaris (Hemiptera: Miridae) and Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) by Bombus impatiens (Hymenoptera: Apidae) vectored Beauveria bassiana in greenhouse sweet pepper." Biological Control 37.1 (2006): 89-97


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