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Mass Killings in Ontario: A Comparison of Domestic and Non-Domestic Killings

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Title: Mass Killings in Ontario: A Comparison of Domestic and Non-Domestic Killings
Author: Boyd, Ciara
Department: Department of Sociology and Anthropology
Program: Criminology and Criminal Justice Policy
Advisor: Dawson, Myrna
Abstract: Mass killings, defined as the killing of three or more victims in a short period of time, have received minimal attention in Canadian literature. Most mass killings involve male perpetrators who largely target females. Despite research showing that mass killings are a predominantly male-perpetrated crime, they are rarely recognized as a gendered phenomenon. The purpose of my study is to gain an understanding of what mass killings look like in Canada and explore domestic and non-domestic mass killings through a gendered theoretical perspective. Using a mixed-methods approach, I analyze 42 mass killings that occurred in Ontario between 1985 and 2012. My findings show that domestic and non-domestic mass killings share similarities (e.g., motivations) and differences (e.g., histories of domestic violence) and draw attention to the controlling nature of mass killers. Consequently, my research highlights mass killings as one extreme type of gender-based violence and emphasizes the need for further research.
Date: 2021-01
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