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Urban tree selection based on environmental stresses and plant responses: development of a selection guide

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Title: Urban tree selection based on environmental stresses and plant responses: development of a selection guide
Author: Cushing, Stephen P.
Department: School of Landscape Architecture
Advisor: Landman, Karen
Abstract: Inappropriately selected trees and poorly designed spaces for urban trees are partially to blame for a declining urban forest. A functional urban forest is dependent on healthy plant material, especially during periods of high stress. This research focuses on the development of a step-by-step tree selection guide that considers urban stress factors. In combination with a literature review, seven Key Informant interviews were conducted with urban forest professionals, professors, and landscape architects to identify what major stresses affect urban trees in the Greater Toronto Area; how trees respond to stress; and how to select better tree species. Four international urban forestry management programs were evaluated to highlight exemplary species selection procedures, at the municipal level. A selection guide was developed based on analysis of the resulting data, and was the subject of a critical review. This research contributes to improving municipal urban tree selection procedures while encouraging critical evaluation of related urban forestry management practices.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10214/20517
Date: 2009
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