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Ayahuasca Use Throughout Time: A Literature Review

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dc.contributor.author Richardson, Gabriella
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-05T12:10:21Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-05T12:10:21Z
dc.date.created 2020-04-24
dc.date.issued 2020-05-05
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/17902
dc.description.abstract Ayahuasca is the most common term which refers to a plant based hallucinogenic beverage made with the jungle lianas Banisteriopsis Caapi (Schultes 1972:35; De Rios 1984:8). Through a review of this literature, my project evaluates how the changing geographic boundaries, cultural context and worldview of ayahuasca users alter the intention and meaning of ayahuasca usage. This paper provides a contextual overview of hallucinogenic plants in Central and South America, key themes in shamanism and Amazonian shamanism. Local Amazonian ayahuasca use in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia, Brazilian ayahuasca religions, neo-shamanism and ayahuasca drug tourism literature is presented and analyzed drawing upon Van Gennep’s (1960) “Rites de Passage”, Victor Turner’s (1970) “Liminality”, Shaw and Stewart’s (2003) problematization of syncretism and Grimes’ (1992) characteristics of the reinvention of ritual. Literature regarding therapeutic/medicinal ayahuasca use and ayahuasca legality is also presented. I argue recent and contemporary ayahuasca use may utilize traditional elements of Amazonian shamanism, though depart from Indigenous cosmology as ideologies governing it’s use become syncretic, institutionalized and influenced by Western individualism. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ *
dc.subject Ayahuasca en_US
dc.subject Amazonia en_US
dc.subject Brazilian Ayahuasca Religions en_US
dc.subject Neo-shamanism en_US
dc.subject Syncretism en_US
dc.subject Liminality en_US
dc.subject Hallucinogenic plants en_US
dc.subject Western Individualism en_US
dc.subject Rites de passage en_US
dc.subject Ayahuasca Drug Tourism en_US
dc.subject Ayahuasca Canada en_US
dc.subject Ayahuasca United States en_US
dc.subject Ayahuasca Brazil en_US
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject Colombia en_US
dc.subject Ecuador en_US
dc.subject Yage en_US
dc.subject Yajé en_US
dc.subject natema en_US
dc.subject Daime en_US
dc.subject Amazon en_US
dc.title Ayahuasca Use Throughout Time: A Literature Review en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.degree.department Department of Sociology and Anthropology en_US
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