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Hydrothermal Carbonization and Chemical Activation of Corn-Bioethanol By-Products

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dc.contributor.advisor Dutta, Animesh MacDermid-Watts, Kevin 2020-05-04T16:38:34Z 2020-05 2020-04-16 2020-05-04
dc.description.abstract Corn Wet Distillers' Fibre (Corn Fibre) and Corn Condensed Distillers' Solubles (CDS) were hydrothermally carbonized at various temperatures, and the solid and liquid products were characterized to identify possible avenues of valorization. The effects of adding FeCl3 catalyst to the reaction was also studied for the Corn Fibre. Finally, suitability of Corn Fibre and Corn Fibre hydrochars for activated carbon production was identified using KOH. The results indicate that Corn Fibre hydrochars show exceptional promise in typical combustion characteristics including HHV, ash content, hydrophobicity, and solid yields, as well as high thermal stability and porosity when activated. In particular, an HHV of 33.91 MJ/kg, ash content as low as 0.2%, and SSA of 1220m2/g were achieved. The hydrochars had abnormally high H/C ratios, and the HTC process water was found to contain HMF. CDS had substantially lower solid yields and thermal stability of hydrochars but had hydrocarbon rich process water. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Biomass Canada of BioFuelNet Canada Network (Project Number: ASC-16). The Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA). The University of Guelph. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Hydrothermal Carbonization en_US
dc.subject Biomass en_US
dc.subject Activated Carbon en_US
dc.subject Corn en_US
dc.subject Supercapacitor en_US
dc.subject Catalysts en_US
dc.title Hydrothermal Carbonization and Chemical Activation of Corn-Bioethanol By-Products en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Engineering en_US Master of Applied Science en_US School of Engineering en_US
dc.description.embargo 2021-04-16
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