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Investigation of Prognostic Factors Associated with Diagnosis, Treatment and Rehabilitation of Non-ambulatory Dairy Cattle: Protocol for a Scoping Review

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Title: Investigation of Prognostic Factors Associated with Diagnosis, Treatment and Rehabilitation of Non-ambulatory Dairy Cattle: Protocol for a Scoping Review
Author: McFarlane, William; Renaud, David L.; Winder, Charlotte B.
Department: Department of Population Medicine
Abstract: Background: Downer cow syndrome is a condition in which dairy cattle become unable to stand. This condition poses severe welfare concerns regarding handling of these animals, as well as financial losses associated with treatment, halted milk production and culling. There are several factors that contribute to cattle succumbing to a non-ambulatory state. These include metabolic imbalances and environmental factors related to housing and management. There is little consensus among both veterinarians and dairy producers on how to manage and care for down cattle, leading to wide variation in the level of care these animals receive. This may stem from the limited amount of scientific literature available to veterinarians and dairy farmers to help inform decisions around diagnosis and treatment of non-ambulatory dairy cattle. A qualitative synthesis of information regarding diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of non-ambulatory dairy cattle has the potential to guide further research into downer cow syndrome, helping to reduce the associated financial and welfare concerns. Objectives: The objective of this scoping review is to characterize the body of literature investigating prognostic factors associated with diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of non-ambulatory dairy cattle. Design: Six databases will be searched for relevant primary literature. Literature will be included if the population being studied consists of mature dairy cows. The screening process of this scoping review will be described via a flowchart described by Liberati et al. (2009) as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA). The PRISMA extension for scoping reviews will be used as a framework to guide the reporting of this scoping review (Tricco et al., 2018).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/17820
Date: 2020-03-03
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International