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Inspiration for Inaction? Humour, Pain, and the Bystander Effect in English-language Cartoons on the Chinese War of Resistance Against Japan, 1931-1945

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Title: Inspiration for Inaction? Humour, Pain, and the Bystander Effect in English-language Cartoons on the Chinese War of Resistance Against Japan, 1931-1945
Author: Schwegler, Kirsten
Department: Department of History
Program: History
Advisor: Smith, Norman
Abstract: During World War II, North American and British cartoonists published wartime propaganda to demonize Germany, Italy, and Japan. Yet, there were a significantly smaller number of cartoons on Japanese aggression in China. This thesis is occupied with British and Canadian perspectives of the Chinese War of Resistance Against Japan from 1931 to 1945. It analyzes the political cartoons that were published during this period by three news institutions, the North China Herald in Shanghai, the Globe and Mail in Toronto, and Punch in London. The news institutions are regarded as facets of British opinion on Sino-Japanese relations and that British and Canadian cartoonists demonstrated more interest in the war in Europe than the war in East Asia, as British and Canadian governments demonstrated the same ideology. This thesis examines four cartoons from each news institution as evidence that they inspired inaction in viewers rather than mobilization to aid China.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/16116
Date: 2019-05
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International