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Consumption Patterns and Determinants of Dietary Supplement Use in Canadian Non-Athlete University Students

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Title: Consumption Patterns and Determinants of Dietary Supplement Use in Canadian Non-Athlete University Students
Author: Hansen, Joel; Brauer, Paula; Spriet, Lawrence; El Khoury, Dalia
Department: Department of Family Relations and Applied Nutrition
Program: Family Relations and Applied Nutrition
Advisor: El Khoury, DaliaBrauer, Paula
Abstract: This study examined self-reported dietary supplement (DS) use in a Canadian non-athlete university population. Survey data from 484 participants were analyzed using Chi-squares to explore frequency, volume, type, and duration of DS use in relation to participants’ self-reported activity level. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess participants’ demographic traits as potential determinants of DS use. DS use in the past six-months was reported among 43.4% of participants. Chi-square results showed active participants were significantly more likely to use protein and amino acid supplements than sedentary participants. The top sources of information about DS were Health Care Professionals, the Internet, and Family and Friends. Results from logistic regression analysis showed age (being ≥ 20 years old), the parent’s/guardian’s education (possessing a bachelor’s degree), and gender (being a male) significantly predicted supplement use. This research lays the foundation for designing education messages targeting DS use among university students.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/16044
Date: 2019-05
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International