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Examining the centrality of state legitimacy and capacity to stable governance in the Syrian conflict: The detrimental effects of international geopolitical influences on long-term state stability

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Title: Examining the centrality of state legitimacy and capacity to stable governance in the Syrian conflict: The detrimental effects of international geopolitical influences on long-term state stability
Author: Kandiah, Lavan
Department: School of Environmental Design and Rural Development
Program: Capacity Development and Extension (International Development Studies)
Advisor: Hambly-Odame, Helen
Abstract: The paper examines the relationship between state legitimacy and capacity in attaining stable governance in Syria, and the effect that external geopolitical influences have in influencing the stability of governance. Domestic state legitimacy is the cornerstone of stable governance in Syria; however, the presence of external mediators and stakeholders in the conflict, mainly the United States and Russia, has made the legitimacy of local actors subject to the geopolitical interests of these two states. Russo-American attempts to steer the conflict in accordance to their interests, and their support for rival factions has made domestic legitimacy and capacity conditional, unpredictable and volatile, contributing to state fragility and instability. Given the unlikelihood that Syria will cease to be an arena of international competition, attaining stable governance in Syria will be a long-term and arduously complex task.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/15972
Date: 2018


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