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Catfish Creek and Kettle Creek Clean Up Rural Beaches (CURB) plan

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Title: Catfish Creek and Kettle Creek Clean Up Rural Beaches (CURB) plan
Author: Depuydt, Donald
Abstract: In response to the increasing numbers of beach closures in the early 1980's, the Ontario Ministry the of Environment (MOE) initiated the Provincial Rural Beaches Management Strategy Program in 1985. The CURB (Clean Up Rural Beaches) Plan report is a document outlining the remedial projects required to improve water quality in the Catfish Creek and Kettle Creek Conservation Authorities Watersheds. Water pollution resulting from various agricultural and urban related sources has lead to beach closures in recent years. This has resulted in the impairment of the recreational potential of beaches at Springwater Reservoir, Port Bruce, Port Stanley, and Dalewood Reservoir. The CURB Plan is based on extensive farm practice inventories, septic system inventories, water quality data, and pollution delivery capabilities. Landowner questionnaires were conducted at 152 rural residents to determine farming practices and domestic septic system conditions in the two watersheds. A water monitoring study was undertaken which included collection of over 550 water samples for bacterial and chemical analysis, and flow monitoring of tributaries using flow meters. The information gathered through the two year research stage was used in the development of the Catfish Creek and Kettle Creek Conservation Authorities' CURB Plan. The plan includes algorithms, predictions, remedial costs, implementation strategies and recommendations. Mathematical models were used to estimate the number of bacteria which enter the creeks and beaches from various rural land uses in these watersheds. In Catfish Creek, the septic systems are the largest contributor with 41% of the total load. Livestock access accounts for 26% and manure spreading 21% of the total load. Feedlot/manure pile runoff and milkhouse washwater only account for 3% and 2% respectively. In the Kettle Creek Watershed the largest contributor to water quality impairment is livestock access (42%), followed by septic system failure (27%), and urban runoff (13.1%). Milkhouse washwater and manure stack/barnyard are only 3% of the problem in the watershed. By examining the cost and effectiveness of various structures in controlling bacterial water pollution, it was found that cattle access restriction through fencing was the cheapest measure. This was followed by septic system repairs and replacements. If all remedial projects eligible for CURB assistance, were completed in the Catfish Creek and Kettle Creek Watersheds, 5.1 million would be required from MOEE in grant assistance.
Date: 1994
Rights: Queen's Printer for Ontario, Crown Copyright, Non-Commercial Use Permitted
Rights Holder: Queen's Printer for Ontario

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