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Physical characteristics and land uses of the Avon River drainage basin

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Title: Physical characteristics and land uses of the Avon River drainage basin
Author: Rural Sub-Committee, SAREMP
Abstract: The Avon River Drainage Basin, part of the North Thames Basin, occupies 165 km2 (64 mi2). Eight percent of its area is occupied by the City of Stratford, while agricultural activities take up 82% of the land area. The total population of the basin was about 27,000 in 1980. Most of the basin straddles the Stratford Till Plain but its eastern extremeties extend into a moraine area. Productive silt-loam soils have developed from the parent materials - sandy silt till and lacustrine clays and silts. Sands and gravels occur in the moraine area and along the river valley. The majority of area farms are livestock operations particularly beef or dairy cattle. Therefore, crop rotations with forage are most common. Continuous row crops are, however, an important cropping pattern in the basin, one with significant erosion and water quality implications. While manure application rates seem to be acceptable, winter applications are practiced by up to one quarter of the livestock operators. This could pose a threat to water quality. The quality of manure storage facilities vary from farm to farm and is closely related to the size of the livestock operation.
Date: 1983
Rights: Queen's Printer for Ontario, Crown Copyright, Non-Commercial Use Permitted
Rights Holder: Queen's Printer for Ontario

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