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Parenting Practice and Physical Activity: Exploring the Gendered Influences of Modeling, Support, and Control on Young Children's Objectively Measured Physical Activity

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dc.contributor.advisor Haines, Jess
dc.contributor.author Peeters, Mwalu
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-08T13:08:56Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-08T13:08:56Z
dc.date.copyright 2018-05
dc.date.created 2018-05-02
dc.date.issued 2018-05-08
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/12994
dc.description.abstract This study examined associations between parents’ physical activity-related parenting practices and objectively measured activity levels in their preschool-aged children. Survey data from 16 mother-father dyads participating in the Guelph Family Health Study was used to generate estimates of maternal and paternal physical activity, modeling, supportive, and controlling behaviours. Physical activity (PA) in the 24 participating children (15 males, 9 females) was measured using accelerometers. Linear regression modeling using the generalized estimating equation (GEE) approach was applied to identify associations between parenting practices and children’s moderate-to-vigorous and total physical activity (MVPA and TPA). Analyses stratified by child sex found positive associations between modeling by either parent and female children’s MVPA and TPA, while paternal enrolment of children in structured activities and maternal control were positively associated with MVPA and TPA among males. While maternal control facilitated activity among males, it displayed a significant negative association with female children’s activity levels. Our results revealed differing responses by male and female children to mothers’ and fathers’ PA parenting practices, and suggest the need for further research into the ways that maternal and paternal modeling, support, and control influence young children’s PA behaviours across sexes. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/ca/ *
dc.subject children en_US
dc.subject parent en_US
dc.subject family en_US
dc.subject physical activity en_US
dc.subject modeling en_US
dc.subject support en_US
dc.subject control en_US
dc.subject gender en_US
dc.subject accelerometry en_US
dc.subject IPAQ en_US
dc.subject obesity en_US
dc.subject pre-school en_US
dc.subject toddler en_US
dc.subject maternal en_US
dc.subject paternal en_US
dc.subject moderate-to-vigorous en_US
dc.title Parenting Practice and Physical Activity: Exploring the Gendered Influences of Modeling, Support, and Control on Young Children's Objectively Measured Physical Activity en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.degree.programme Family Relations and Applied Nutrition en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science en_US
dc.degree.department Department of Family Relations and Applied Nutrition en_US
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Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada