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Drinking Water Quality in the Circumpolar North: An Examination of Waterborne Giardia and Cryptosporidium in Iqaluit and Rigolet, Canada

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dc.contributor.advisor Harper, Sherilee
dc.contributor.author Masina, Stephanie
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-04T13:00:26Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-04T13:00:26Z
dc.date.copyright 2018-05
dc.date.created 2018-04-30
dc.date.issued 2018-05-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/12968
dc.description.abstract Drinking water challenges often exist in the Circumpolar North; therefore, this research examined northern drinking water quality using three studies. First, a scoping review summarized circumpolar drinking water quality and human health literature, identifying few studies examining waterborne parasites. Second, Giardia and Cryptosporidium were examined in surface water from Iqaluit, Nunavut. Using EcoHealth approaches, water samples (n=55) were collected and tested for these parasites. 20.0% and 1.8% of samples tested positive for Giardia and Cryptosporidium, respectively. The odds of detecting parasites were greater with lower air and water temperatures compared to higher temperatures. Third, we explored waterborne Giardia and Cryptosporidium in Rigolet, Labrador. Of the drinking water sources tested (n=4), Giardia and Cryptosporidium were detected in tap water and the municipal water reservoir. This community-based research contributes to the growing literature on northern drinking water quality, and was intended to inform locally-specific and relevant water quality management in northern communities. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship ArcticNet, Queen Elizabeth II Graduate Scholarship in Science and Technology, Arthur D. Latornell Graduate Scholarship, Arthur D. Latornell Travel Bursaries en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject drinking water en_US
dc.subject water quality en_US
dc.subject human health en_US
dc.subject Inuit health en_US
dc.subject Canada en_US
dc.subject Arctic en_US
dc.subject community-based research en_US
dc.subject waterborne disease en_US
dc.subject Giardia en_US
dc.subject Cryptosporidium en_US
dc.title Drinking Water Quality in the Circumpolar North: An Examination of Waterborne Giardia and Cryptosporidium in Iqaluit and Rigolet, Canada en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.degree.programme Population Medicine en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science en_US
dc.degree.department Department of Population Medicine en_US


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