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An Energy Balance Model of Climate Change Incorporating the Roles of Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapour as Greenhouse Gases

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dc.contributor.advisor Willms, Allan
dc.contributor.advisor Langford, William Dortmans, Brady 2018-01-02T14:01:38Z 2018-01-02T14:01:38Z 2017-12 2017-12-14 2018-01-02
dc.description.abstract The Arctic ice-caps have been melting at an alarming rate, possibly due to anthropogenic forcing. Herein an energy balance model is constructed to explore the forcing factors of Earth's climate, particularly the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and water vapour. The effects of greenhouse gases on the Arctic climate are explored incorporating two non-linear mechanisms: ice-albedo feedback and water vapour feedback. The roles of ocean and atmospheric heat transport are also explored. The model explores the possibility of multiple climate states in the Arctic as well as tipping points involving the forcing factors. This model is also applied to the Tropics and Antarctic. In addition, the energy balance model provides a plausible explanation to the Pliocene Paradox when the Arctic was ice-free but with similar forcing factors as today. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Research Subject Categories en_US
dc.subject Climate Change en_US
dc.subject Ice-Albedo feedback en_US
dc.subject water vapor feedback en_US
dc.subject greenhouse gas en_US
dc.subject Pliocene Paradox en_US
dc.subject energy balance model en_US
dc.title An Energy Balance Model of Climate Change Incorporating the Roles of Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapour as Greenhouse Gases en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Mathematics and Statistics en_US Master of Science en_US Department of Mathematics and Statistics en_US
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