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Positive and Negative Framing of Norms to Increase Use of Personal Water Bottles (or Reduce Bottled Water Consumption)

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dc.contributor.advisor Giguère, Benjamin
dc.contributor.author Maurice, Gillian
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-06T16:16:32Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-06T16:16:32Z
dc.date.copyright 2017-08
dc.date.created 2017-08-29
dc.date.issued 2017-09-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/11537
dc.description.abstract The present study concerned the role of perceived social norms in motivating an increase in the use of personal water bottles and a concurrent reduction in bottled water consumption. Descriptive norms often influence behavioural intentions in environmental contexts, and positive or negative framing often influences decision making. This study contrasted the elements of positive and negative frames of grammar (do/do not) and deviance (most/very few people). We tested four descriptive normative appeals containing these elements: 1) Most people use personal water bottles; 2) Most people do not buy bottled water; 3) Very few people buy bottled water; 4) Very few people do not use personal water bottles. The central hypothesis of the research found weak support: that negatively framed normative messages had a greater effect on perceived group norms, and intentions to use a personal water bottle. The effect was only significant for messages that highlighted negative deviance (“very few”). en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/ca/ *
dc.subject social norms en_US
dc.subject descriptive norms en_US
dc.subject negative norms en_US
dc.subject behavioural intentions en_US
dc.subject bottled water en_US
dc.subject water bottles en_US
dc.subject deviance en_US
dc.subject negativity en_US
dc.title Positive and Negative Framing of Norms to Increase Use of Personal Water Bottles (or Reduce Bottled Water Consumption) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.degree.programme Psychology en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Arts en_US
dc.degree.department Department of Psychology en_US


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Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada