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The Politics of Homophobia in Brazil: Congress and Social (counter)Mobilization

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Title: The Politics of Homophobia in Brazil: Congress and Social (counter)Mobilization
Author: Valiquette, Robert Tyler
Department: Department of Political Science
Program: Political Science
Advisor: Díez, Jordi
Abstract: In recent years, Latin America has seen significant progress in the expansion of LGBT rights such as the implementation of same-sex marriage and the creation of some of the world’s most advanced gender identity laws. Brazil was at the front of this progression and by the early 2000’s, scholars believed Brazil was poised to emerge as Latin America’s gay rights champion. Despite some advancements, the image of Brazil as a gay rights champion is nebulous. The Brazilian Congress has failed in passing federal legislation protecting sexual minorities from violence and discrimination and this thesis seeks to answer why. Qualitative interviews were conducted with LGBT activists, political aides, politicians and Evangelical Pastors. Ultimately this thesis argues that Brazil does not have LGBT anti-discrimination policy because of two factors: 1) a weakening LGBT social movement and 2) a strong countermovement to LGBT rights.
Date: 2017-06
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