Main content

Outside the Empire: Improvised Music in Toronto 1960-1985

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Heble, Ajay Lee, David 2017-06-26T19:26:39Z 2017-06-26T19:26:39Z 2017-06 2017-06-15 2017-06-26
dc.description.abstract OUTSIDE THE EMPIRE: IMPROVISED MUSIC IN TORONTO 1960-1985 David Lee Advisor: University of Guelph, 2017 Professor A. Heble Outside the Empire is an investigation of the improvised music community in Toronto from 1960 to 1985. Chapter One discusses how, beginning in the 1950s, the modernist sensibility of Toronto’s Painters Eleven collective inspired the formation of the Artists’ Jazz Band (AJB) in 1962. Chapter Two hinges upon bassist/pianist Stuart Broomer’s description of Toronto as “a mediated city,” and highlights the problems of sustaining an experimental musical career in English Canada’s music and media centre. Chapter Three discusses Coda Magazine. By framing jazz as a music of innovation and of social resistance, Coda introduced a level of critical discourse that sharply distinguished the magazine and its “scene” from both the typically conservative Toronto jazz community, and the apolitically modernist scene represented by CCMC and The Music Gallery. Chapter Four discusses how the improvising group CCMC founded the Music Gallery, and in doing so reified a specifically nationalized and racialized discourse around its origins. Chapter Five relates the author’s experience of learning to improvise to George Lipsitz’s definition of community learning via an “alternative academy,” to George E. Lewis’ theory of “sociodidacticism,” and to Tricia Rose’s writings on “flow, layering, and rupture.” Chapter Six positions the critical and musical work of Bill Smith between two different models of music history: one that treats musical development as community-based, and another that attributes innovations to a few exceptional individuals. Chapter Seven addresses women improvisers in the Toronto community’s early years. The author uses Michel de Certeau’s definitions of “spaces” versus “places,” and “strategy” versus “tactics.” Chapter Eight, the conclusion, suggests possible future areas for research into a Canadian improvising community in which the motivations of its subjects, the extent of its influence, and the history of its rich interdisciplinary infrastructure have been subject to distortion, appropriation, and erasure. Appendices include interviews with instrumentalists-composers Gayle Young and Diane Roblin, as well as an interview with the late saxophonist, and frequent AJB collaborator, Kenny Baldwin. There is also a discography of Toronto improvisation, and a list of Bill Smith Ensemble performances from the period under discussion. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.subject AACM en_US
dc.subject abstract expressionism en_US
dc.subject Artists' Jazz Band en_US
dc.subject A Space en_US
dc.subject automatistes, les en_US
dc.subject Baldwin, Kenneth en_US
dc.subject Bley, Paul en_US
dc.subject Braxton, Anthony en_US
dc.subject Broomer, Stewart en_US
dc.subject Bull, Arthur en_US
dc.subject Burton, Dennis en_US
dc.subject Canadian music en_US
dc.subject CCMC en_US
dc.subject Clarke, Terry en_US
dc.subject Coda Magazine en_US
dc.subject critical studies in improvisation en_US
dc.subject Coles, Maury en_US
dc.subject Coughtry, Graham en_US
dc.subject double bassists en_US
dc.subject Dubin, Larry en_US
dc.subject free jazz en_US
dc.subject improvised music en_US
dc.subject Isaacs, Avrom en_US
dc.subject Isaacs Gallery en_US
dc.subject jazz en_US
dc.subject Jones, James (bassist) en_US
dc.subject Kubota, Nobuo en_US
dc.subject Lee, David Neil en_US
dc.subject Lewis, George E. en_US
dc.subject Markle, Robert en_US
dc.subject McMurdo, David en_US
dc.subject Miller, Mark en_US
dc.subject music en_US
dc.subject Music Gallery en_US
dc.subject Norris, John en_US
dc.subject Onari, Clomin en_US
dc.subject Oswald, John en_US
dc.subject Prentice, David en_US
dc.subject Rayner, Gordon en_US
dc.subject Roblin, Diane en_US
dc.subject Smith, William E. (Bill) en_US
dc.subject Snow, Michael en_US
dc.subject Stewart, Jesse en_US
dc.subject Mattes, Allan en_US
dc.subject Neil, Al en_US
dc.subject Thompson, Don en_US
dc.subject Young, Gayle en_US
dc.subject Sokol, Casey en_US
dc.subject Canadian Creative Music Collective en_US
dc.subject Coleman, Victor en_US
dc.title Outside the Empire: Improvised Music in Toronto 1960-1985 en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Literary Studies / Theatre Studies in English en_US Doctor of Philosophy en_US School of English and Theatre Studies en_US
dc.description.embargo 2020-06-15
dc.rights.license All items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
Lee_David_201706_PhD.pdfuntranslated 2.363Mb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada