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Monitoring Small Animal Usage Patterns of Suburban Wildlife Tunnels: Behaviour, Design, And Recommendations

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dc.contributor.advisor Bennett, Lorne
dc.contributor.author Pomezanski, Dorian
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-25T19:18:52Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-25T19:18:52Z
dc.date.copyright 2017-04
dc.date.created 2017-05-05
dc.date.issued 2017-05-25
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/10488
dc.description.abstract Underpass crossing structures can reduce the threat of road mortality by facilitating safe passage during migration, dispersal, and movement. Monitoring these structures is important for determining effectiveness and informing design. I monitored two underpass structures in Guelph, Ontario, Canada, to understand the usage patterns of wildlife and the behavioural responses of anurans to tunnel substrate. Two trail cameras took photos at 10-15 second intervals from April to October 2016. We recorded 2,892 crossing events, of which 795 were by anurans. Anuran crossings were faster and more successful in the gravel-lined tunnel, suggesting it is a more appropriate substrate for facilitating anuran passage. To monitor all types of wildlife, I recommend a 30 second time lapse interval, 24/7 monitoring, and simultaneous motion-sensing monitoring. Ecological movement detection software can be used to reliably identify crossing events. Trail cameras are a low-cost, non-invasive, and informative tool for monitoring wildlife in underpass crossing structures. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Wildlife crossing structures en_US
dc.subject Wildlife Monitoring en_US
dc.subject Urban Ecology en_US
dc.subject Amphibian Behaviour en_US
dc.title Monitoring Small Animal Usage Patterns of Suburban Wildlife Tunnels: Behaviour, Design, And Recommendations en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.degree.programme Geography en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science en_US
dc.degree.department Department of Geography en_US
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