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Evaluating the Impacts of Agricultural Development on Landscape Scale Ecosystem Stability in a European Context

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dc.contributor.advisor Gedalof, Ze'ev
dc.contributor.advisor Fraser, Evan
dc.contributor.author Gillam, William Joseph
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-04T21:18:45Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-04T21:18:45Z
dc.date.copyright 2017-05
dc.date.created 2017-04-28
dc.date.issued 2017-05-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/10390
dc.description.abstract In the face of growing human populations, the global area of agricultural lands is expected to rise by 10 million km^2 in the next 50 years, resulting in natural systems that are highly disrupted. Beyond agriculture, ecosystems provide valuable goods and services to humanity so it is important to study the landscape dynamics of agriculture. Using the environmental history of Europe derived from pollen records, this research evaluated the impacts of agricultural development on landscape scale stability. Rates of change, biodiversity, and species composition were calculated for 184 pollen records across Europe that contained evidence of agricultural development. The results indicate that rates of change rose substantially following agricultural development, indicating a loss in stability. Landscape instability is likely resultant from two mechanisms: direct changes in landscape composition from agricultural intensification and abandonment, and ecological changes resulting from altering landscape composition such as changes in species composition. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Attribution 2.5 Canada *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/ca/ *
dc.subject Agricultural Development en_US
dc.subject Landscape Ecology en_US
dc.subject Landscape Stability en_US
dc.subject European Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Biodiversity en_US
dc.subject Pollen Records en_US
dc.subject Scale en_US
dc.title Evaluating the Impacts of Agricultural Development on Landscape Scale Ecosystem Stability in a European Context en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.degree.programme Geography en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science en_US
dc.degree.department Department of Geography en_US
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Attribution 2.5 Canada Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 2.5 Canada