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"Curious Caverns": Cave Tourism in Nineteenth-Century Ireland

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dc.contributor.advisor James, Kevin J. Bridges, Nick E. 2016-12-22T14:35:03Z 2016-12-22T14:35:03Z 2016-12 2016-12-13 2016-12-22
dc.description.abstract ABSRACT “Curious Caverns”: Cave Tourism in Nineteenth-Century Ireland Nick E. Bridges Advisors: University of Guelph Dr. Kevin J. James Dr. Finola O’Kane-Crimmins Dr. Alan Gordon Caves were sites in Ireland’s developing tourist landscape during the nineteenth century. In this study, St. Kevin’s Bed, Co. Wicklow, the caverns around Cong, Co. Mayo, and the Mitchelstown caves, Co. Tipperary, are examined to illustrate how these destinations were incorporated within mass tourism from approximately 1830 to1914. The tourism industry which developed during the nineteenth century highlighted caves and promoted them as both supernatural and natural spaces within wider landscape tours. As supernatural places, caves expressed Irish myth and folklore. Other sites prompted tourists to consider aspects of Irish history. As the century progressed, interest in and knowledge of geology expanded and caves became destinations where tourists could learn about new scientific developments and experience geological wonder. Travel literature prefigured caves as dynamic destinations able to fulfill the diverse desires of many tourists. However, developments in infrastructure were necessary for travelers to reach these sites. Steamboats ferried tourists across the Irish sea onto the island and an ever-expanding network of railways snaked their way across Ireland. The case studies featured here were all integrated into different tourist networks. St. Kevin’s Bed was a marker within Glendalough’s wider landscape, an established eighteenth century site. Cong was integrated into the developing post-Famine Connemara tour. The Mitchelstown caves were a new landscape feature in the South of Ireland, discovered in 1833 and appealing primarily to the scientist. Ireland’s caverns were at once supernatural and natural spaces, often signposted as valuable stops on tourist itineraries. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The Ontario Graduate Scholarship en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Landscape en_US
dc.subject Caves en_US
dc.subject Caverns en_US
dc.subject Travel en_US
dc.subject Tourism en_US
dc.subject Ireland en_US
dc.subject Nineteenth-Century en_US
dc.subject Glendalough en_US
dc.subject Cong en_US
dc.subject Mitchelstown en_US
dc.subject Mass Tourism en_US
dc.subject Lore en_US
dc.subject Geology en_US
dc.subject Myth en_US
dc.subject Legend en_US
dc.subject History en_US
dc.subject Railways en_US
dc.subject Hotels en_US
dc.subject Guidebooks en_US
dc.subject Travelogues en_US
dc.subject Field Work en_US
dc.title "Curious Caverns": Cave Tourism in Nineteenth-Century Ireland en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US History en_US Master of Arts en_US Department of History en_US
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